DIGITAL COMPETENCY AMONG EDUCATORS IN MALAYSIA FACING WITH FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION (IR4.0)
Keywords:Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR4.0), digital, competency, educators
The Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR4.0) concept is to transform from emergence of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in industry (IR3.0) to digital revolution. The educational settings need to be complied with the changes by adopting the concept of digital education accordance with IR4.0. However, the digital competency among educators to face with IR4.0 in Malaysia need to be discovered. This systematic literature review (SLR) article focuses on to discover issues concerning the digital competency among educators in Malaysia to cope with IR4.0. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was adopted for the review of the current research which utilized two main journal databases, namely Scopus and EBSCO. The searching efforts resulted in a total of fifteen (15) articles that can be analyzed systematically. The analysis managed to discover eleven (11) main digital competencies issues concerning to educators to cope with IR4.0 in Malaysia which are (1) personal attributes including general and specific characteristics, (2) attitude towards technologies, (3) level of confidence and readiness, (4) education level, (5) lacking of professional development, (6) inadequate prior knowledge of computer and technical literacy as well as limited exposure, (7) inexperience in term of years in teaching, (8) restricted resources and insufficient amount of specific content, (9) time constraint to prepare and converting conventional teaching content to technological and digitally basis, (10) institution characteristic, and (11) contextual characteristics. The successful implementation of IR4.0 in the education settings requires a joint effort between authorities and educators. Both parties play vital roles in supporting each other to effectively embrace digital transformation in education. A number of recommendations were presented at the end of this research for the reference of future scholars.