Jurnal Al-Sirat https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat Jurnal Al-Sirat Penerbit KUIPSAS en-US Jurnal Al-Sirat 1823-4313 IMPLEMENTATION OF COLLATERAL HIBAH BASED ON HIBAH CASES IN SHARIAH COURT https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/281 <p>The application for a hibah confirmation case in the Shariah Court covers the issue of Collateral Hibah. Pledged property was related to financial and banking institutions because the property is not yet fully in possession. In the Shariah Court, judges usually make decisions for cases of hibah confirmation based on fiqh books even though there are various opinions among jurists regarding hibah, including related to the issue of Collateral Hibah. Thus, this article aims to find out the decision made by the judge in addition to knowing the tendency of the judgment in using the views of jurists to resolve cases of hibah confirmation on the issue of Collateral Hibah in the Shariah Court. The data of this study was obtained from content analysis and case reports in the Shariah Court. The results of the study found that there are hibah case decisions that allow Collateral Hibah to be implemented with certain conditions. Therefore, by knowing the judge's judgment in the Shariah Court, can help the community and companies that offer hibah products to ensure that the hibah made can be accepted in the Shariah Court.</p> Nurul Syuhadah Binti Azalan Noor Lizza Binti Mohamed Said Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 1 8 FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS' VOCABULARY MASTERY: A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/282 <p>Vocabulary is the knowledge of words, their types and meanings whether in conversation or writing. Studies have proven that a large vocabulary is very important to master a language. Studies also report that there are various factors that affect a person's vocabulary mastery. This study aims to identify, study and synthesize the factors that affect students' Arabic vocabulary mastery. This study uses Systematic Literature Review (SLR) based on i) publication dates between 2001 and 2021, ii) Malay, English and Arabic iii) published in Google Scholar and ERIC databases. The highlights of this literature show that vocabulary mastery is not influenced by linguistic factors of the language itself but is influenced by psychological factors, teaching and learning factors and communication skills factors. This study contributes to the existing studies by bringing together studies related to vocabulary mastery and also suggests that a study be conducted on the factors that affect students' Arabic vocabulary mastery in Malaysia so that the parties concerned can plan an appropriate strategy in improving the level of learning Arabic through vocabulary mastery.</p> Norillah binti Abdullah Hassim Amiruldin bin Ishak Fahmi Zaidi bin Abdul Razak Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 9 16 EFFECTIVENESS OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION LABORATORY IN SCHOOL https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/283 <p>The term "Islamic Education Laboratory (MPI)" is utilized in this study to denote a significant catalyst within educational institutions, particularly schools. In the state of Selangor, a limited number of schools prioritize the provision of Multi-Purpose Instructional (MPI) activities, while the majority of schools also serve as suraus, facilitating the observance of Zohor and Asar prayers by pupils on school premises. The full utilization of MPI in teaching and learning (P&amp;P) activities, as well as other activities, particularly those related to the subject of Islamic Education, is highly recommended. The present study employs a qualitative research design utilizing a case study methodology, employing purposive sampling techniques. Data collection was done through interviews with two Islamic Education Teachers at Bandar Rinching National Secondary School as well as observation of procedures and activities in the MPI found in the school. The meticulous analysis and transcription of interview data were conducted using ATLAS Ti 23.1.2 software. The study's findings indicate that the utilization of Islamic Education laboratories in schools is highly beneficial due to the comprehensive and accessible facilities that support the Islamic Education planning and implementation process. This study employs the theoretical framework of Experience-Based Learning, which posits that this theory is more closely aligned with the efficacy of utilizing MPI.</p> Ahmad Shafiq Mat Razali Nurafiqah Mohd Fazley Ahmad Junaidi Che Arifin Amrina Rasyada binti Kamaruzaman Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 17 24 CALM IN CALAMITY: TAFAKUR AS PSYCHOSPIRITUAL INTERVENTION FOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS DEALING WITH EMOTIONAL STRESS https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/284 <p>Emotional wellbeing is the most crucial factor figuring out the student’s success. The impact of stress that can affect a student’s mental health has appeared as a major issue and is reaching alarming proportions. This study examines the use of tafakur technique as a psychospiritual intervention in coping with emotional stress among university students. The treatment and control group were made up of thirty university students. Tafakur intervention programme was linked to lower stress, anxiety, and depression after four weeks. Therefore, the tafakur technique is the best alternative mechanism used as a psychospiritual intervention in dealing with emotional stress among university students.</p> Nur Yani binti Che Hussin Muhammad Nubli bin Abdul Wahab Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 25 31 LEARNING STYLES AND ONLINE LEARNING SATISFACTION OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS POST-COVID-19 PANDEMIC https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/285 <p>Background: Learning styles can be defined as factors, behaviours, and attitudes that aid the learning process. It benefits students as it allows a better understanding of the lesson. Purpose: This study aims to identify the learning styles and satisfaction of online learning of health sciences-based students at the International Islamic University Malaysia post-COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional study with convenience sampling was conducted among 260 students from April to June 2022. Data were gathered using Google Forms and a self-administered questionnaire, available in English and distributed to the Kulliyyah of Nursing, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Science, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, Kulliyyah of Medicine, and Kulliyyah of Dentistry students. The questionnaire was adopted and adapted from two sets of questionnaires, i.e., two sets from the Felder and Soloman Index Learning Styles and one set of satisfaction questionnaires from Aritino (2008). Data analysis was done using SPSS version 26.0. Results: Most respondents chose the visual, sensing, and sequential learning styles, while an almost balanced proportion chose activist-reflective. Most of them have high levels of satisfaction with online learning. Conclusion: Students prefer the Visual, Sensing, and Sequential learning styles and have high levels of online learning satisfaction.</p> Norfadzilah Ahmad Anis Nur Fathihah Wan Hasliza Wan Mamat Ashikin Atan Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Ismail Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 32 39 FIRES OF MOTIVATION: A JOURNEY THROUGH INFLUENCING FACTORS - A NARRATIVE REVIEW https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/286 <p>Introduction: Employee motivation is a critical aspect of organizational success, characterized by an employee's passion, energy levels, dedication, and innovative contributions on a daily basis. Rooted in the Latin word "movere," which signifies "moving," motivation is recognized as a behavior that must be directed towards achieving specific goals and outcomes. Employee motivation revolves around an employee's sense of engagement and empowerment within the organization's objectives. Objective: This research aims to explore the multifaceted nature of employee motivation, specifically investigating the interplay between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and the internal and external factors that influence it. Through the analysis of ten pertinent articles, this study seeks to identify key determinants that enhance working motivation across diverse fields. Method: The research involved a comprehensive review and analysis of ten selected articles that delved into the intricacies of employee motivation. These articles were chosen to provide a comprehensive understanding of the subject, encompassing both intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors, as well as internal and external determinants. Thematic analysis was employed to extract and categorize relevant data. Results: The findings of this study shed light on the pivotal role of both internal and external factors in shaping an individual's working motivation. Internally, factors such as fatigue, personal interests, and self-attitude emerge as significant influencers of motivation levels. Externally, factors like leadership style, the work environment, and human dynamics were identified as potent drivers of working motivation. These results underscore the intricate interplay between an employee's internal disposition and the external context in which they operate, emphasizing the need for a holistic approach to motivation within organizations. Conclusion: This research emphasizes the need to consider various factors that affect employee motivation. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are not enough. Internal and external elements also matter. Organizations must act on these findings to boost productivity and success.</p> Siti Fatimah Sa’at Nur Ain Mahat Mazlinda Musa Rohani Mamat Zulkhairul Naim Sidek Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Ismail Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 40 45 CULINARY TRADITIONS AND HEALING CHOICES: EXPLORING THE INFLUENCE OF PROPHETIC FOODS ON TREATMENT PREFERENCES IN KUANTAN https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/287 <p>Background: While many Muslims in Malaysia adhere to the dietary habits of the Prophet Muhammad due to their perceived health benefits and religious significance, a significant proportion of Malaysian adults (approximately 23.3%) who report being ill tend to resort to self-medication rather than seeking professional treatment. This raises the question of whether the practice of self-medication among this group is influenced by their adherence to the dietary habits of the Prophet Muhammad, suggesting a potential link between dietary choices and healthcare decision-making in this context. Objective: This study examines the correlation between frequent consumption of prophetic foods and treatment preference. Methods: A total of 229 adults aged between 20 to 60 years old from Kuantan were selected for this quantitative cross-sectional study. The participants were recruited through Google Docs and online platforms using convenience sampling. The data collected was analysed using SPSS version 26.0 and presented in tables and diagrams based on a scoring guide. Results: Out of the total population surveyed (n=115), 50.2% consumed prophetic food in moderate amounts. The p-values indicate that the association between the level of prophetic food consumption and the preference for treatment-seeking is not statistically significant (p&gt;0.05). The level of prophetic food consumption among the Kuantan population is influenced by factors such as religious belief, health benefits, taste and market availability. However, the majority of the population still prefers conventional healthcare providers for treatment. Factors such as the availability of services and facilities, accessibility to healthcare providers, and delivery of information from physicians impact the Kuantan population's treatment-seeking preference. Conclusion: While there is a significant preference for prophetic foods in Kuantan, this dietary choice does not appear to limit the utilization of conventional treatment options, suggesting that individuals may balance both aspects in their pursuit of health and well-being. Further research is required to explore the nuanced factors contributing to this coexistence.</p> Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Ismail Nurul Nabiha Ismail Siti Zuhaidah Shahadan Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 46 54 CHALLENGES OF COMMUNICATIVE LEARNING AND TEACHING (CLT) IN POLITEKNIK MUKAH https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/288 <p>Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) is a practical approach and has been around since 1986. It permits learners to express their ideas while using the English language through enjoyable activities. Many studies have been conducted on Communicative Language Teaching (CLT). However, in the Malaysian polytechnic context, only a few studies have been made in regards to CLT, especially after the change in the syllabus, from English for Specific Purposes (ESP) to Communicative English (CE). After the adoption of Communicative English (CE) in polytechnics, the English proficiency level of polytechnic graduates are still not up to par that prompts this study to be conducted. Therefore, this study investigates the challenges and issues faced by lecturers in Politeknik Mukah regarding the use of CLT in the teaching of Communicative English I, II, III and English for Digital Technology and also the lecturers’ understanding of CLT and the implementation of CLT in their class. A quantitative research method design was employed in obtaining the data. Research data was collected through a questionnaire completed by all English language lecturers in Politeknik Mukah, Sarawak. Overall, the findings show that students' proficiency and attitude towards the English language are the main challenges of CLT, even though the lecturers have an adequate understanding of CLT.</p> Sara Ruran Fabian Helen Anak Abang Timotius Petrus anak Ayi @ Michael Julin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 55 65 DIGITAL COMPETENCY AMONG EDUCATORS IN MALAYSIA FACING WITH FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION (IR4.0) https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/311 <p>The Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR4.0) concept is to transform from emergence of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in industry (IR3.0) to digital revolution. The educational settings need to be complied with the changes by adopting the concept of digital education accordance with IR4.0. However, the digital competency among educators to face with IR4.0 in Malaysia need to be discovered. This systematic literature review (SLR) article focuses on to discover issues concerning the digital competency among educators in Malaysia to cope with IR4.0. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was adopted for the review of the current research which utilized two main journal databases, namely Scopus and EBSCO. The searching efforts resulted in a total of fifteen (15) articles that can be analyzed systematically. The analysis managed to discover eleven (11) main digital competencies issues concerning to educators to cope with IR4.0 in Malaysia which are (1) personal attributes including general and specific characteristics, (2) attitude towards technologies, (3) level of confidence and readiness, (4) education level, (5) lacking of professional development, (6) inadequate prior knowledge of computer and technical literacy as well as limited exposure, (7) inexperience in term of years in teaching, (8) restricted resources and insufficient amount of specific content, (9) time constraint to prepare and converting conventional teaching content to technological and digitally basis, (10) institution characteristic, and (11) contextual characteristics. The successful implementation of IR4.0 in the education settings requires a joint effort between authorities and educators. Both parties play vital roles in supporting each other to effectively embrace digital transformation in education. A number of recommendations were presented at the end of this research for the reference of future scholars.</p> Muhammad Anwar Bin Abdul Halim Mohamad Hafizi Bin Masdar Engku Mohamad Bin Engku Abdullah Copyright (c) 2024 2023-10-31 2023-10-31 23 2 66 89 MARKET STUDY OF ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY CERTIFICATE PROGRAMME AT KUANTAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/291 <p>The Sijil Teknologi Senibina (STS) programme at Kuantan Community College has been offered since 2001 and serves as an alternative for SPM or SPMV graduates to pursue higher studies in the field of TVET. The Community College emphasizes practical learning over theory. This study aims to obtain industries perceptions of the STS Programme's job marketability at Kuantan Community College and identify the employability rate of its graduates. The study involves 15 industries from the architecture field and utilizes data analysis from the Kuantan Community College Graduate Tracking Study Report from 2016 to 2020. The results indicate that 69.2% of industries agree that this programme fully meets the fundamental requirements of theory and practical aspects in the field of architecture. More than half of the industries offer positions such as architectural draugtmens or architectural technicians, with the majority providing salaries range from RM 1,001 to RM 1,500 per month. Additionally, 93.3% of employers believe that this program produces graduates sought after by the industries. As the alumni survey results, the employability of graduates from this programme has increased from 2016 to 2020, with 96.6% of Sijil Pelukis Pelan Senibina (SPS) graduates (2016-2018) securing jobs in 2018. By the year 2020, 100% of Sijil Teknologi Senibina (STS) graduates were employed. Most of the graduates work in the architecture field and demonstrate an increasing income over the years. In conclusion, the STS Programme at Kuantan Community College has high demand from the industry. The program provides various job opportunities in architecture, construction, building design, and furniture design. Further recognition and improvement in the quality of this program will ensure its relevance to the national architecture market.</p> Azharina Binti Azman Lizawati Binti Zainudin Maulud Bin Tawang Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 90 104 PROFANITY WORDS USED IN ONLINE MOBILE GAMES AMONG YOUNG ADULTS DURING COVID19 https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/292 <p>Most industries are still impacted by the COVID19 epidemic, which was spreading around the globe. Since then, mobile online gaming has become a dominant leisure for young adults as it amuses millions of players. Along with this progress, profanity words are used without restrictions among them. It is an obscene language that at times can be useful to convey strong emotions. However, profanity words used may cause a conflict that cost more than what its usefulness is worth for. This qualitative study is conducted to explore profanity words used in an online mobile game, to find out why players use profanity and to see to what extent does the online mobile game itself is involved in causing profanity. The study utilized a semi-structured interview based on Saarinen’s interview guide. The data were collected from seven respondents and analysed using the conventional content analysis approach. The result of the study reveals that the respondents consider words with sexual, derogatory terms, animal’s name, family, nationality and religion topics as profanity. The study also confirms that how the game works could also influence the use of profanity by overvaluing a certain aspect of the game, access to other players’ profile and role-playing.</p> Norherizan Abd Moen Shadiq Ahsan Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 105 113 BELIEF IN THE LAST DAY AND ITS IMPACT ON CONFRONTING EPIDEMICS https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/293 <p>يوهنملكفعضصشسردخجةبائأ؛ م<br>وهنملقفعطرذدخحجثتةبائأ، ي<br>يوهنملكفعسزردحجتةباإ، و<br>ىنلكقراآ يىوهنملكفعطصسذحةبائأ. ي ع<br>هنملج يىوهنملقفعصدحثتةباإ؛ وهملكسرتبائ، ا ا ،<br>يونملرخباإآ، ىوهلقعضردتباء، يهنملكسرذدتةا و و ،<br>ىهلفدإ الإيمانيهنملضحةاإأ يوهملفرخجةبائأآ يوهنملكفسدخجتا و ت ب ، ت<br>وهلسرذدةا يوهنملكقعضصسرذدحجتبائإ؛ ه ا<br>يقة يونملرخباإآ يوهنملفرجثةبائإأ. ونملقعجتةائ ، و و ح ا و<br>هلسرذدةا: وهملضسرذخجةبائأ ىوهلقعضرتباء ل ض ،<br>هقرد، يونملرخباإآ</p> Mohammed Ebrahim El Sherbibi Ahmad Saqr Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 23 2 114 121 THE IMPACT OF TAHFIZ PROGRAMME ON STUDENTS’ RELIGIOSITY: A CASE STUDY https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/309 <p>This study aimed to investigate the impact of the tahfiz programme on students' religiosity at Sekolah Menengah Agama Dato Haji Tan Ahmad in Negeri Sembilan. It was conducted using a qualitative approach, selecting six students through non-probability purposive sampling, comprising three males and three females. Data was collected through face-to-face semi-structured interviews, employing a single case study design. The analysis involved coding, categorising, and identifying sub-themes to develop the main theme. The findings revealed that the tahfiz programme had a positive effect on students' religiosity, influenced by both internal and external factors. Internally, the religious environment within the tahfiz programme and the guidance provided by the tahfiz teachers played significant roles. Externally, the positive perception of outsiders towards tahfiz students' religious practices also contributed to the enhancement of students' religiosity. The tahfiz programme had various effects on students, impacting their faith, worship, akhlaq (moral values), and overall character. The results suggest that attending a tahfiz program can significantly contribute to the spiritual development of students. Therefore, it is recommended for schools to incorporate Quranic learning to facilitate the growth of students' religious aspects.</p> Noor Farhanah Mohd Ishak Nik Md Saiful Azizi Nik Abdullah Rabi’atul Athirah Muhammad Isa@Omar Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-31 2023-10-31 23 2 122 138 EDUCATIONAL ISSUES IN THE BOOK ANNADHARAAT BY MANFALUTI https://ejournal.unipsas.edu.my/index.php/alsirat/article/view/310 <p>Among the social issues addressed by the author of the views in his book, the issues of raising young people, educating them, caring for their future, and educating them about the reality of life before they delve into it and be victims of deep-rooted social injustice. The problem that this research aims to treat appears in that when we observe our current societies and what is happening in them of puzzling phenomena, we find everything related to the educational phenomena dealt with by the author of the book more than a century ago, which requires concerted efforts in this area, and therefore this research came to shed light on these issues addressed by the writer in his book; collection, classification and commentary. It has adopted the descriptive and analytical approach, and due to the nature of the research, the researcher was interested only in narrating the content of the topics in the context of his classifications and analyzes of them with the attribution of each story or article to its reference from the book, away from the market of texts and evidence by transfer, and the research includes an introduction, two axes and a conclusion, the first axis in the personality of Manfaluti, and the second in educational issues in his book Views. The study found that Al-Manfaluti appealed in the issue of raising children a set of values, summarized in: the call to fight ambiguity in society, which rarely knows the student on his way to his studies only when he begins to crowd out society and rub against them and collide with facts far from what he was studying in his school, as the writer called in this context to the importance of teaching children from a young age the facts of things not their forms, and the goal of the study; is it for testimony or for science, and what is the benefit of science? Is it working out or science itself? Will those who have achieved the benefit of science suffer without science itself? Did he succeed in collecting knowledge and not achieving its usefulness? He also did not neglect in the issues of education to educate boys and girls to avoid blatant relations between each other in schools, because this would destroy their future and lose in them the hope of the remaining nation, these are all calls and awareness focused on our writer, convinced that boys are the remaining remnants of the nation's hope after the entrenchment of corruption in societies Their loss means the loss of everything from the nation.</p> Ouedraogo Inoussa Copyright (c) 2023 2023-10-31 2023-10-31 23 2 139 152