Foundations of citizenship in Islamic law


  • Saad Elmogghazy Abdelmoaty Mahmoud UnIPSAS


The issue of citizenship is currently at the forefront of discussions, sparking debates about its origin and relevance in Islamic jurisprudence. Is it an imported concept from Western Europe, or is it an ancient idea recognized by Islamic jurisprudence and codified in inherited legal texts? The study argues that the concept of citizenship is intrinsic to Islamic beliefs, principles, and ethics, emphasizing the honor and dignity of individuals. The novelty lies only in the terminology, namely "citizenship."
Importance of the Topic:
The significance of this study lies in its political and security dimensions, reflecting the extent of individuals' commitment, awareness of their rights and duties, and their concern for the interests of their nation
Research Problem:
The research aims to establish the concept of citizenship from a religious perspective, rooted in Islamic principles, and to explore its application in historical events during the Prophet's era and the rightly guided caliphates. Does the Islamic understanding of citizenship differ from the modern concept, or are the foundational principles the same?
Research Objectives:
The research aims to study the concept of citizenship, both in its traditional heritage and its contemporary relevance
Research Methodology:
The study employs an inductive analytical approach, tracing relevant texts and analyzing them to derive the foundational ideas of citizenship. The research concludes that Islamic tolerance towards those of different faiths is unmatched, and the value of an individual is derived from their humanity, regardless of religious affiliation or appearance. Citizenship, as a concept, was applied in Islamic history and on the ground before other nations recognized its essence